maanantai 4. toukokuuta 2015

Towards the future schools where students love to learn and dare to create new - ICT stairs of the teacher

In this text I describe the thought of the teacher's pedagogical ICT skills levels (Fig ICT stairs of the teacher) that we currently move, and which determine our operational capacity of the school to meet the challenges of 2020s society. I hope to get some comments about the figure, which is formed by purely pragmatic basis. Figure was formed in my mind when I discuss with our IT-Manager Kari Hyvönen (@KariHyvonen) about the development of ICT and its current status in pedagogy. Kari presented a general question, to where we should aim the teaching of ICT and why. One answer was presented in the figure below.

The topic is also linked to the fact that we toured in this spring our basic education schools in Kajaani and discuss with the teachers about needs and challenges about teaching. We charted at the same time teachers' capability as well as their views about the transition to use e-learning environments. If we want to make effective change to learning but avoid at same time operationally and thereby economically weak solutions, we need pioneers who are willing to go towards the future path which is shown in Figure below.

Technology should be the medium in education, not a goal

Inquiring, creative and learning loving citizen

The question What kind is future school, have been defined in various forums with distinction over the past year in Finland. New Education Forum participants made a vision of the Finnish future school: a country where everyone will love learning. This is an excellent vision. In the figure below, this idea has been involved. When the old, 1900s school has educated loyal citizens to needs of industrial society, is futures school mission to educate mentally balanced, inquiring and innovative citizens to guarantee success of Finnish society. Information and communication technology plays a key role in this process, whether we like it or not.

Pattern is read from bottom left toward the top of the right, towards the green of the new civilization and the phenomenon-based learning level. Three levels (red, orange, green) describe the teacher's and this way also the school's readiness (courage) to move from 1900s century teacher-centered education towards 2020s more digitally and phenomenon-based learning environment. The change is significant because we move in this way from the limited and predefined information to the open data. This is a key requirement for the creative and innovative future school. This ontology must be reflected in the evaluation of learning: if we were to define the subjects as the objects of evaluation itself, we will fail in the development of the school in the implementation of the future social and personal growth needs. Instead, we have to evaluate students' ability to operate on topics studied phenomena and skills to solve them. Basic skills and importance of the subjects in traditionally understood in content is not ruled out but the mindset has to be another way (bigger picture buy clicking the figure).


In many respects we are on the first level or we are approaching the first level (red level). The change towards an open and intellectually phenomenon central school is challenging and teachers need support to their work to succeed. Support is so educational, communal and pedagogical given by head as technical support also. Some teachers own excellent technological capabilities and their operation is largely similar to the new school. These pioneers are needed and this is the tip which must be extended. 

However, the technology must not be perceived as an end in itself, but its importance can not be underestimated. Handicraft skills, motor skills, social skills and basic academic skills are also important in the future. Its important to remember that ie. the thumb-index finger grip is the basis for the balanced development of the child, and up rising and walking in addition the basis for development of language and thinking. The development of these capacities will continue through the childhood and should be also cherish well into the early years of the school. The above figure does not take into account the student's perspective on the basis of age. 

We should notice that technology is not a goal (what is the best tool for learning - iPad, smartphone or computer) instead technology is just a tool or medium. School should simulate in its action operations of knowledge-based work. If, for example, I look this day or the past months in my own work, the main tools are a smart phone (for interaction, information retrieval and writing), laptop (information retrieval, writing, interaction) and tablet (information, communication). Pen I have been used for a some signatures as well as the ear canal digging. Of course the smooth interaction with others has been basis for the enjoyable and enthusiastic work!

PS. This was my first post in English and I have to apologize for my grammatical mistakes - text is mostly "finglish". But buy this way I also try to improve my, a bit rusty English language skills! If this work, I translate some texts of mine also in English - always when I have time and motivation to do it.

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